The SES-LINK group at Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University studies the co-evolutionary dynamics of social-ecological systems (SES). We understand SES as complex adaptive systems of humans embedded in ecosystems whose dynamics arise from multiple social-ecological interactions at and across scales. We are particularly interested in identifying key interactions and causal mechanisms that may explain large scale change (regime shifts, transformations) or lack thereof (traps) within particular social-ecological contexts. Our aim is to develop middle-range theories of SES change that take the context-dependence of SES phenomena into account and shed light on their resilience and governance.

Social-ecological systems are complex adaptive systems

View our short animation of social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems. Made by the SES-LINK group in collaboration with Azote.



We do research on 1) the role of human adaptive behaviour and social processes for ecological regime shifts and sustainable resource management, 2) the emergence of collective action for natural resource management in dynamic social-ecological environments, 3) the co-evolution of fisheries and agricultural landscapes across scales, 4) epistemologies and ontologies of SES research. READ MORE ⇒


We use mathematical and computational modeling (agent-based modeling) combined with in-depth field research to develop and test possible social-ecological explanations for observed SES phenomena such as regime shifts in marine ecosystems, poverty traps in bio-cultural landscapes, or cooperation and self-governance of common pool resources such as small-scale fisheries. READ MORE ⇒


We are an interdisciplinary team of researchers with backgrounds ranging from ecology, political science, artificial intelligence, system science, computer science, philosophy, physics, etc. READ MORE


Our research is funded by European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 682472 — MUSES), the EU Horizon 2020 project AQUACROSS, the NSF project MAREA, as well as Mistra and Sida funding to the Stockholm Resilience Centre (GRAID).